Knowledge Centre

Indian Constitution - Sources
Date: 22 Jul 2014
Chapter: GENERAL

Sources of the Indian Constitution

1. Government of India Act of 1935 Federal Scheme, Office of governor, Judiciary, Public Service Commission, Emergency provisions and administrative details.

2. British Constitution Parliamentary government, Rule of Law, legislative procedure, single citizenship, cabinet system, prerogative writs, parliamentary privileges and bicameralism.

3. US Constitution Fundamental rights, independence of judiciary, judicial review, impeachment of the  president, removal of Supreme Court and High Court Judges and post of Vice-President.

4. Irish Constitution Directive Principles of State Policy, nomination of members to Rajya Sabha and method of election of president.

5. Canadian Constitution Federation with a strong Centre, vesting of residuary powers in the Centre, appointment of state governors by the Centre, and advisory jurisdiction of the Surpeme Court.

6. Australian Constitution Concurrent List, freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse, and joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament.

7. Weimar Constitution of Germany Suspension of Fundamental Rights during Emergency.

8. Soviet Constitution Fundamental duties and the ideal of justice (USSR, now Russia) (social, economic and political) in the Preamble.

9. French Constitution Republic and the ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity in the Preamble.

10. South African Constitution Procedure of amendment of the Constitution and election of members of Rajya Sabha.

11. Japanese Constitution Procedure established by Law.